Fungus Foraging

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Saturday saw 20 or so people descend upon us for a Mushroom Foraging day.  Organised by Liz Knight of Forage Fine Foods and executed by Mark Williams of Galloway Wild Foods, we had an amazing afternoon searching among the trees and along the river bank.

Mark’s knowledge on fungi and how to use them was extensive and amusing as well as being excellent on the palate!

The throng assembles

The throng assembles

After introductions all round, Mark got proceedings underway with a quick dash of elderflower champagne and Sweet Cicely liqueur!

He explained the different ways in which fungi operate and how they work in concert with different types of vegetation and particularly with trees. Different trees have different fungi. Some, such as the highly sought after ceps are impossible to cultivate and will only grow in the wild in the exactly perfect conditions they need.

Setting off into the forest, Mark suddenly stopped and pointed out a couple of mushrooms underneath the Cedric tree sculpture.  These were Cavaliers, edible, but not a great flavour.  The difference in appearance between the newly emerged ones and a couple that had almost ‘gone over’ was remarkable and went to demonstrate how difficult mushroom ID can be.

Cavaliers and Cedric

Cavaliers and Cedric

When doing an ID there are several factors to take into account




type of gills


There are so many types that all these need to be taken into account.

Moving on we came to a big clump of what most of us recognised as Puffballs.  Seizing a couple of older ones Mark flicked the caps and released clouds of spores.  These were no good for eating, but the fresher growths, with marshmallow like interiors are apparently really good in risottos!

Mark with Puffballs

Mark with Puffballs (and foraging cat, Smudge)

As we moved on Liz pointed out various plants like ground elder and Herb Robert which have important roles to play in herbal medicine as well as being good to eat.

Mark had picked up some shaggy inkcaps on the road up to Nant y Bedd and explained how and when to eat them.  Apparently there’s a variety called the Common Inkcap which isn’t actually that common, but shouldn’t be consumed before or after alcohol as it causes a very nauseous response and has been used to ‘treat’ alcoholics!!

Deeper in the woods we found some Orange Grisette under the birch trees, which are good to eat and are often found with birch.  The physical form of the Grisette is very similar to that of the poisonous Fly Agaric, although the latter’s bright red is a bit of a giveaway.  Mark had brought some of these with him and used this as an opportunity to explain the life cycle appearance of many fungi.

Fly Agaric and Orange Grisette

Orange Grisette and Fly Agaric

Honey Fungus is another species associated with birch, among others, and is usually found as the tree dies.  Apparently edible it needs boiling before cooking.  Not sure I’ll try that!

Honey Fungus

Honey Fungus

Heading down to the river, someone spotted a few large mushrooms by the gate under the Lawson Cypress.  Mark had to admit that he’d walked past them twice the day before when he did a recce! It pays to look down when mushroom foraging.  It was a group of shaggy parasols, well camouflaged against the leaf litter.

Shaggy Parasol

Shaggy Parasol

Heading along the river bank we were introduced to the “Native Spice Rack” with plants such as Wild Angelica, Hogweed, Wood Avens, Sweet Woodruff and Meadow Sweet (which apparently cures hangovers – the other way of course is to keep drinking!) In the Spring the very young buds and flowers of Rowan are also useful.  Various tinctures were passed around at this point but I missed most of it as I was lighting fires for the Big Bake Up afterwards.

I did get back into the swing of it just in time to find out about a fungus that may be a cure for prostate problems.  Going by the name of Turkey Tails it is found on decomposing logs of birch and can be made into an infusion.  Mark also showed us something known as Chaga, which comes from growths on birch trees in certain places and is very highly sought after.  (Memo to self: look very carefully at all our old birches)

Turkey Tails

Turkey Tails

Finally we assembled by the pond and whilst Mark and Liz got the cooking pots on the go, we were entertained by Lottie Muir, the so-called Cocktail Gardener, who explained some of her cocktail recipes and asked us to taste them – hard work isn’t it?

Thanks to Mark, Liz, Lottie and all those who came along and enjoyed an excellent afternoon and evening.  Hopefully we’ll be able to host more events like this in the future.

PS:  By an odd coincidence the RHS magazine, The Garden, has just published it’s November issue with an article on “Weird and Wonderful Fungi” with photos by Jonathan Need, who photographed our garden earlier in the year!

PPS:  One of the participants, Ian of FoodiesHeaven blog fame, has also written about the day in more detail than above.  Find it here




New greenhouse

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How long does it take to remove and reassemble an 8′ x 6′ greenhouse?  In theory it should take a day or two, but 11 days??

Our good friends Teeny and Di offered us their old greenhouse which they never used as long as we took it down and removed it.  That was the easy part and took about an afternoon.

Prior to that we had agonised from a week or so as to what sort of base it would best sit on and eventually decided on using some of the tanalised timber originally cut when we were doing the pond.  This turned out to be an inspired choice as the door wouldn’t have worked otherwise.  {2 days}

It was while we were pulling it apart that we noticed that some kind soul had decided that the glass would be better stuck in with solid mastic rather than nice rubber glazing strips.  This caused a few more panes to be broken and then two full days with blow torch and scraper getting the gunge out of the glazing bead channels!  {2.5 days}

I ordered the glazing beads on Monday night and they should have been delivered on the Thursday, but dear old ParcelForce were at their worst and after three exasperating phone calls we finally got them on the following Monday.

In the meantime I set too with saw and welder to make the staging. Bespoke staging at probably three times the price of something bought but again recycling to the fore as I used offcuts of oak from the bench work and more of the ‘pond’ tanalised timber.  Steel was stuff I’d ordered for other jobs, so can be easily re-ordered. {2.5 days}


The glazing strips were fine, but took about a day to squeeze into the narrow gaps all around the frame – about 60 metres all told. {1 day}

Then we started to wash and install the glass, which took best part of a day and allowed us to work out what replacement glass was needed. {1day}

Ordered the glass and picked it up the following day – unfortunately I’d measured one wrong and forgotten about three pieces – so back to the glaziers for more.  Got them home and found I’d mis-measured!  Fortunately I was able to cut them to size and all was now in place and the door hung. {1 day}

Sue then sorted out her path bricks and started to fill the space while I hunted around on the ‘net for the final bits – door seals and gutter ends that will make it a wonderful addition to the garden.  {1 day}

Hopefully these will be resolved shortly and I’ll be able to sit back and admire it!

PS Chris at Gardencraft in north Wales (gcraft.co.uk) has just identified it as an old Paragon, not manufactured since 1970!! He has the parts I need!!


Log Blog

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With the garden opening season coming to an end, and with the weather finally looking as though it is going to change (my poor hydro system thinks it’s been abandoned), we turned to firewood for the past few days.

All summer visitors have been admiring the woodsheds and asking how many year’s worth of burning we had stored.  Most were taken aback when we replied “about a year, if we’re lucky!”

All summer we have been living a bit ‘hand to mouth’ in terms of cut to length firewood, as we wanted to keep the sheds full for visitors and also because we didn’t really have time to spare – it takes at least a day to cut and stack the wood in a single bay, with me cutting and Sue moving the sawn stuff into the sheds.

work in progress

work in progress

Each piece of wood from the stack is cut into 2 x 18in and one x 12in pieces, the former for the Esse and the latter for the Handol stove in the living room.  I can always tell if a length has been cut by, say, a contractor working for Western Power or by me.  Mine are exactly to size, the others are all sorts of lengths and make the job harder!

Trusty Fergie and M-F saw

Trusty Fergie and M-F saw

The saw bench is almost as old as the Fergie and would probably not be allowed these days – Elf & Safety  – what with it’s drive belt and virtually uncovered blade, but it does the job very efficiently.

Self portrait of the sawyer at work!

Self portrait of the sawyer at work!

Fortunately the weather held for us to get two main bays and the smaller one cleared, giving us probably enough to see Christmas out, before we need to do more. However another dry couple of days might encourage us to get another bay of hardwood into the sheds.

My glamorous assistant (and Sue)

My glamorous assistant (and Sue)

I worked out that we shifted around 480 cu ft (13.5 cu mt) in the two and a half days which equates to around 8 tons of firewood!

some of the hardwood

some of the hardwood

This Living Green lark is hard work!

Strawberries and Sheep’s Bums

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It seems a strange combination, but this year I’ve used daggings – the bits of mucky wool around sheep’s  bums that farmers cut off to prevent fly strike and other things – as a mulch under my strawberries.  You can buy this as sanitised, pelletised stuff, but I prefer to use what is available!

In theory, and it now seems in practice, a) slugs don’t like to crawl over the wool (when it’s dry), b) the wool keeps the berries off the earth and c) the rotting down wool will help improve the soil for next year.   Sounds like a win-win situation.

Yesterday evening I was in a similar position to the England cricket team – wanting to get things wrapped up before Sunday’s forecast rain.  So it was hands and knees in both strawberry beds and the result was 8 pounds of lovely ripe berries and very few damaged rejects.

Strawberries (out of their) sheep's clothing!

Strawberries (out of their) sheep’s clothing!

Old Man’s Beard or Old Father Time?

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After our article in Saga magazine we have had lots of visitors, and there was also a letter in the following month’s magazine.

Click here to read the letter, which is sort of relevant to this photo.

Old Father Time with his (actually Mick's) Scythe

Old Father Time with his (actually Mick’s) Scythe

So, you can decide which part of the title is right!!

Comments will be carefully edited!

Thermal question


Using the Thermal Camera mentioned in the post on Compost Duvets for its proper purpose i.e looking at the insulation on the house, one thing stood out.  The thermal image showed a much lower level of heat from the part of the house covered in Ivy. Does this mean that Ivy is a great insulator or is it that it absorbs the heat and so shows up as cooler on the camera, but does not help keep heat in the house?  Any experts out there who can advise on this?

Here’s the Thermal Image.

Insulation Ivy on the left

Insulation Ivy on the left

Here’s what it looks like normally.

Ivy clad

Compost duvets


We have recently borrowed a Thermal Imaging camera from The Green Valleys, ostensibly to check on the insulation properties of the house (and others in the valley), but it was interesting to turn the lens on one of the compost heaps.  (It’s also very useful for finding black cats on moonless nights!)

This heap is the one currently being filled and so is ‘working’.  As with all our heaps (7 in total) it is covered with black plastic, but also, underneath the black, is one of our compost bin lambs wool duvets.  Although its pretty cold outside the heap is still working, and is full of worms munching away.

The first picture shows the thermal image of the top of the heap with plastic and duvet in place and the second the top of the composting material itself, quite a bit of which has only recently been added, so not up to temperature yet.  The temperature at the centre of the photos is shown as a figure on the right hand side, the range of temperatures in the photo is on the scale on the right. 6C is approx 43F

Compost bin

Thermal image of the top of the heap

The difference is quite remarkable, being around 12C (21F) hotter (the yellow and red areas) under the duvet than on top. 18C is approx 64F

compost 2

Thermal image of the compost under the duvet

And here is what a (slightly mucky) compost duvet looks like in real life, with the top black plastic cover pulled to one side.  The filling is unwanted lambs wool shearings from a local farmer – very green!  If you live local to us, I can supply a limited number for a small fee. Use the reply/ comment form at the bottom of the page to get more details  The basic size is four foot square, although other smaller sizes are possible, as this is the bin size we find best suited to making good compost.

compost duvet

lambswool compost duvet

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